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Deer are commonly encountered in heraldry, although perhaps more often in the form of stags or hinds heads. Their positions are described differently from those for lions: for example the equivalent of passant is trippant. The following terms are used for deer, and also such animals as goats:
|Lodged||Lying, with the legs tucked under the body|
|Statant||Standing, facing left (as viewed)|
|At Gaze||As statant, but looking directly out of the shield|
|Trippant||Walking, with one foreleg slightly raised|
|Courant||Running, with all four legs off the ground, usually all extended out from the body. Also termed at speed or in full chase|
|Springing||Leaping or jumping, with the hind legs on the ground and both front paws raised up; the equivalent of salient for a lion|
Animals such as goats use the same terms as deer, though bulls can be rampant, a position not found in deer. Dogs tend to be sejant etc., like lions, though they are termed courant or in full chase when running.
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© Gill Smith 1997, 1998